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Synthetic material sports surface system - general vocabulary

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2.6 Synthetic material sports surface system

2.6.1 Synthetic material sports surface system - general vocabulary

2.6.1.1

Synthetic material surface

Pave the polymer composite material layer with sports function and sports protection function on the construction base (2.1.7) such as asphalt concrete or cement concrete.

Note: Including polyurethane surface, rubber surface, acrylic surface, polyvinyl chloride (PVC) surface, artificial turf surface, simulation ice rink sports surface, interlocking flooring, etc.

2.6.1.2

Synthetic material sports surface system

It is composed of synthetic material surface (2.6.1.1), structural layer (2.1.6) and drain installation (2.2.8) according to the needs of use, which is a complex with sports function and sports protection function.

2.6.2 Court and track sports surface system

2.6.2.1

Prefabricated synthetic material surface

The synthetic material surface (2.6.1.1) that is pre-manufactured in the factory into a roll or block surface and transported to the site for paving.

2.6.2.2

In-situ casting synthetic material surface

The synthetic material surface (2.6.1.1) where the synthetic material produced in the factory is poured on site.

2.6.2.3

Permeable synthetic material surface

A type of synthetic material surface (2.6.1.1) with a gap structure made of resin bonded elastic granules (2.6.2.15) or other methods. In addition to surface runoff on this type of surface, water also flows through the surface.

Note: Mainly used for courts and tracks.

2.6.2.4

Impermeable synthetic material surface

A type of synthetic material surface (2.6.1.1) that the vertical section is dense or has a small amount of pores and with a specific structure .

Note: Mainly used for courts and tracks.

2.6.2.5

Mixed synthetic material surface

Usually made of polyurethane main material and a small amount of elastic granules (2.6.2.15) into an impermeable lower layer of synthetic surface (2.6.2.17), made of polyurethane main material and anti-skidding elastic granules (2.6.2.16) into upper layer of synthetic surface (2.6.2.2.18), the integrally formed impermeable synthetic material surface (2.6.2.4).

2.6.2.6

Composited synthetic material surface

Usually a small amount of polyurethane main material and elastic granules (2.6.2.15) are mixed to form a permeable lower layer of synthetic surface (2.6.2.17), and the polyurethane main material is used to make the isolation layer. Made of polyurethane main material and anti-skidding elastic granules (2.6.2.16) into upper layer of synthetic surface (2.6.2.18), the integrally formed impermeable synthetic material surface (2.6.2.4).

2.6.2.7

Whole-polyurethane synthetic material surface

Polyurethane main material to make an impermeable lower layer of synthetic surface (2.6.2.17). Made of polyurethane main material and anti-skidding elastic granules (2.6.2.16) into upper layer of synthetic surface (2.6.2.18), the integrally formed impermeable synthetic material surface (2.6.2.4).

2.6.2.8

Polyurethane major ingredient

The main raw material for the polyurethane in-situ casting synthetic material surface(2.6.2.2).

Note: Divided into single-component and two-component.

2.6.2.9

Polyurethane surface

The synthetic material surface (2.6.1.1) with polyurethane as the main raw material.

Note: Mainly used for courts and tracks.

2.6.2.10

Rubber surface

Synthetic material surface(2.6.1.1) with rubber as the main raw material.

Note: Mainly used for courts and tracks.

2.6.2.11

Acrylic acid major ingredient

The main raw material that constitutes the acrylic in-situ casting synthetic material surface (2.6.2.2).

2.6.2.12

Acrylic surface

The synthetic material surface (2.6.1.1) with acrylic as the main raw material.

Note: Mainly used for courts.

2.6.2.13

Polyurea surface

Synthetic material surface (2.6.1.1) that uses polyisocyanate component and amino compound as the main raw material.

2.6.2.14

Polyvinyl chloride surface

Polyvinyl chloride resin is used as the main raw material for the synthetic material surface (2.6.1.1) of sports venues.

Note: Mainly used for courts.

2.6.2.15

Elastic granules

Granules with certain elasticity that are filled in the lower layer of synthetic surface (2.6.2.17) of the in-situ casting synthetic material surface (2.6.2.2) and the artificial turf surface (2.6.3.8).

2.6.2.16

Anti-skidding elastic granules

The granules are bonded to the surface of the in-situ casting synthetic material surface (2.6.2.2), which play the role of anti-skid and wear-resistant.

2.6.2.17

Lower layer of synthetic surface

The lower layer of the layered in-situ casting synthetic material surface (2.6.2.2) and the construction base (2.1.7), which is formed by mixing the main colloidal material and the elastic granules (2.6.2.15) and then solidifying.

2.6.2.18

Upper layer of synthetic surface

The upper layer of the layered in-site casting synthetic material surface (2.6.2.2), which is formed by mixing the main colloidal material and anti-skidding elastic granules (2.6.2.16) and then solidifying.

2.6.2.19

Closed layer

Waterproof layer

The cement concrete construction base (2.1.7) serves as a structural layer (2.1.6) to prevent water seepage.

Note: Mainly used for courts.

2.6.2.20

Bonding layer

A layer of adhesive on the construction base (2.1.7) enables the synthetic material surface (2.6.1.1) to be tightly bonded to the construction base (2.1.7).

Note: Mainly used for tracks.

2.6.2.21

Adhesive

Glue used for the bonding of the splicing and the bonding of the material and the construcion base (2.1.7) during the construction of the artificial turf surface (2.6.3.8) or the prefabricated synthetic material surface (2.6.2.1).

2.6.3.1

Gymnastic artificial turf

Synthetic fibers similar to the appearance of natural grass are mechanically tufted and woven and fixed on the backing (2.6.3.2), and are pavement by appropriate methods.

Note: Used in football, rugby, hockey, tennis, badminton, basketball, track, gateball and other sports venues.

2.6.3.2

Backing

A layer of synthetic material that holds the grass filaments.

2.6.3.3

Tete yarn

Artificial grass yarn with a net-like structure on the surface without carding.

2.6.3.4

Monofilament

Artificial turf filaments with uncombed surface into single piles.

2.6.3.5

Curly

Artificial turf filaments in an irregularly curved shape.

2.6.3.6

Tuft

The smallest tufted unit woven into gymnastic artificial turf (2.6.3.1).

2.6.3.7

Filler

The material filled in the artificial turf surface (2.6.3.8) with sports protection function and counterweight function.

2.6.3.8

Artificial turf surface

A sports surface (2.1.1) composed of gymnastic artificial turf (2.6.3.1) or gymnastic artificial turf (2.6.3.1) and fillers (2.6.3.7) that imitates the sports performance of natural grass.

Note: The color does not need to be considered.

2.6.3.9

Non-filled synthetic turf surface

Artificial turf surface (2.6.3.8) without any filler (2.6.3.7).

2.6.3.10

Filled synthetic turf surface

Artificial turf surface (2.6.3.8) with filler (2.6.3.7).

2.6.3.11

Force reduction layer

Under the artificial turf surface (2.6.3.8), there is a structural layer with buffering, drainage, and water seepage functions.

2.6.3.12

Artifical turf sports surface system

The complex, which is freely composed of artificial turf surface (2.6.3.8), filler (2.6.3.7), force reduction layer (2.6.3.11), drain installation (2.2.8) according to the needs of use, has sports function and sports protection function.

2.6.3.13

Pull out force of tuft

The ability of the grass tuft (2.6.3.6) to be firm.

2.6.3.14

Colour fastness

The sports surface (2.1.1) undergoes the degree of fading under the action of external factors during use.

2.6.3.15

Pile height

The length of artificial grass filaments extend beyond the bottom.

2.6.3.16

Vertical rate

The number of tuft (2.6.3.6) per meter of gymnastic artificial turf (2.6.3.1) longitudinally.

2.6.3.17

Horizontal rate

The number of rows of gymnastic artificial turf (2.6.3.1) per meter horizontally.

2.6.3.18

Dtex

The weight (g) of 10,000m long artificial grass filament.

2.6.3.19

Tuft density

The number of tuft (2.6.3.6) per square meter.

2.6.4 Simulation ice surface system

2.6.5 Interlocking flooring sports surface system

2.6.5.1

Interlocking flooring

A surface layer with sports function and sports protection function is spliced by the block material color printing suspended type (2.1.10) made of polymer materials.

Note: Divided into completely flat type and flat hollow type.

2.6.5.2

Bottom supporting layer

The structural layer (2.1.6) that plays the functions of sports support, buffering, drainage and sand removal.

2.6.5.3

Transition structure

A strip or block slope-shaped structure used to connect the interlocking flooring (2.6.5.1) and the construction base (2.1.7) to eliminate the vertical height difference.

2.6.5.4

Buffer strip

Inlaid in the interlocking flooring (2.6.5.1), the structural layer (2.1.6) that is used to eliminate the thermal expansion and contraction caused by the temperature difference.

2.6.5.5

The silencing layer

The elastic layer laid under the interlocking flooring (2.6.5.1) plays a role in reducing and eliminating floor noise.

2.6.5.6

Interlocking flooring sports surface system

The complex has sports functions and sports protection functions, and it is composed of interlocking flooring (2.6.5.1), bottom supporting layer (2.6.5.2), transition structure (2.6.5.3), buffer strip (2.6.5.4), silencing layer (2.6.5.5), etc. according to the needs of use.

2.6.5.7

Connect

Refers to connecting the floor into pieces through the joints between the interlocking flooring (2.6.5.1).

Note: There are usually two forms: vertical connection and horizontal connection.


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